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IXPs

Internet exchange points (IXPs) are a key part of the Internet ecosystem and represent a vital way to increase the affordability and quality of connectivity in local communities.

What Are IXPs?
An Internet Exchange Point (IXP) is simply a physical location where different IP networks meet to exchange local traffic with each other via a switch. They are integral part of the Internet ecosystem.

IXP Models
IXPs fall roughly into five categories: non-profit organization, an association of ISPs, operator-neutral for-profit company, univeristy or gov agency, or an informal association of networks

Physical Infrastructure
IXPs can be located in a number of different locations. Once determined, it is crucial to then identify appropriate power sources , cooling, security, and technical experts to run and manage the IXP.

Business Case
IXPs provide a competitive alternative to routing domestically destined traffic abroad. IXP viability can be calculated for interested ISPs by comparing the cost of IP transit to the cost of domestic peering.

Visit the IXP Collaboration Portal, which aims to provide information and resources to a variety of stakeholders, and to continuously improve this site to benefit the community.

Our work on IXPs in Africa

Since 2008, the Internet Society, with the support of its partners has been championing Interconnection and Traffic Exchange (ITE) related programs.

The vision for Africa is one focused on a core shift from “Internet Consumers” to “Internet Creators” and “Internet Innovators” on par with the rest of the world. Our goal is to help the region attain an 80% local and 20% international traffic balance by 2020. 80/20 by 2020!

The overall impact of the Internet Society’s various ITE activities has led to a stronger African IXP community, a 50% increase in the number of Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) in the African region, and more than 205Gbps of traffic being exchanged across these IXPs (up from approximately 100Gbps of traffic in 2013).

Most of this success is attributed to the African Unions’ African Internet Exchange System (AXIS) Project, implemented by the Internet Society in partnership with the African Union and the Internet Community.

A more detailed report on the Internet Society’s Interconnection and Traffic Exchange work in Africa since 2008 is available in the ITE Program Brochure.

In addition, a study was done by the Internet Society on the impact of IXPs in two African countries: Kenya and Nigeria. This study has been a key influencer and example as to the importance of and impact of IXPs.

Read study on how internet exchanges lower the cost of access.

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Map showing Internet Society's ITE work from 2008 – 2016

(Including Axis-related work)

The African Peering and Interconnection Forum (AfPIF)

Since 2010 the Internet Society has supported the Africa Peering and Interconnection Forum (AfPIF) that is recognized as one of the most important Internet events in Africa. It addresses the key interconnection, peering, and traffic exchange opportunities and challenges on the continent and provides participants with global and regional insights for maximising opportunities that will help grow Internet infrastructure and services in Africa.

IXP News

Register for AfPIF 2019
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Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) 2 May 2019

Register for AfPIF 2019

Join us in Balaclava, Mauritius for the 10th Africa Peering and Interconnection Forum (AfPIF) from 20-22 August 2019. AfPIF...

IXDO Project: An Internet Exchange Point in the Dominican Republic
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Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) 13 March 2019

IXDO Project: An Internet Exchange Point in the Dominican Republic

For more than a decade, different organizations from civil society and the private sector have been involved in efforts...

Learn More about IXPs at the Middle East Network Operators Group
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Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) 15 February 2019

Learn More about IXPs at the Middle East Network Operators Group

Internet Exchange Points are now considered to be an integral part of the Internet infrastructure worldwide. In very simple...

10th Africa Peering and Interconnection Forum to Be Held in Mauritius
Press Releases 7 February 2019

10th Africa Peering and Interconnection Forum to Be Held in Mauritius

Port Louis, Mauritius – 7 February, 2019 – The Internet Society and African IXP Association (AFIX) have announced that...

Stakeholder Workshop Held to Discuss Tajikistan IXP
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Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) 20 November 2018

Stakeholder Workshop Held to Discuss Tajikistan IXP

The Internet Society in conjunction with the Open Society Institute Assistance Foundation – Tajikistan and the CAREN3 project organised an IXP...

IXPs: Why Is the Middle East Lagging Behind?
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Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) 19 October 2018

IXPs: Why Is the Middle East Lagging Behind?

On October 2nd, the Internet Society was happy to support the ITU in organizing the IXP Workshop on Peering...

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