Glossary of Internet Terms

AAP Address Allocation Protocol
AD Area Director
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AfNOG African Network Operations Group
AfriNIC African Network Information Centre
API Application Programming Interface
APNIC Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
ARIN American Registry for Internet Numbers
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
AS Autonomous System
ASN Autonomous System Number
ASP Application Service Provider
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BCP Best Current Practices
BGP Border Gateway Protocol
BoF Birds of a Feather
ccTLD country code Top-Level Domain
CGN Carrier Grade NAT (Network Address Translation)
CDN Content Distribution Network: a network of servers that improves the timeliness and availability of Internet content. (sometimes also called a “Content Delivery Network”)
CPE Customer Provided Equipment
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DDoS Distributed Denial of Service
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DHT Distributed Hash Table
DNS Domain Name System
DNSSEC Domain Name System Security Extensions
DOCSIS Data over Cable Service Interface Specification
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DTN Delay-Tolerant Networking
EPP Extensible Provisioning Protocol
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FTP File Transfer Protocol
gTLD generic Top-Level Domain
HIP Host Identity Protocol
HMAC Hash Message Authentication Code
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol
IAB Internet Architecture Board
IAD IETF Administrative Director
IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
IAOC IETF Administrative Oversight Committee
IASA IETF Administrative Support Activity
ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
ID Internet Draft
IDN Internationalized Domain Name
IDNAbis Internationalized Domain Name in Applications (Revised)
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IP Internet Protocol
IPR Intellectual Property Rights
IPsec Internet Protocol Security
IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4
IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6
IRSG Internet Research Steering Group
IRTF Internet Research Task Force
IS-IS Intermediate system to intermediate system
ISOC Internet Society
ISP Internet Service Provider
ITU-T International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector
IXP Internet Exchange Point
JWT Joint Working Team
LACNIC Latin American and Caribbean Network Coordination Centre
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LDP Label Distribution Protocol
LTE Long Term Evolution is a project of the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) to define the latest standard for mobile network technology.
LIR Local Internet Registry
L2TP Layer 2 Tunnelling Protocol
MAC Message Authentication Code
MD5 Message Digest Algorithm
MPLS Multiprotocol Label Switching
MPLS TE Multiprotocol Label Switching Traffic Engineering
MPLS-TP Multiprotocol Label Switching-Transport Profile
MTU Maximum Transmission Unit
NAT Network Address Translation
NAT-PMP Network Address Translation-Port Mapping Protocol
NAT-PT Network Address Translation-Protocol Translation
NOC Network Operations Centre
NomCom Nominations Committee
NREN National Research and Education Network
NSF National Science Foundation
NSRC Network Startup Resource Centre
OASIS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OSI Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model
OS Operating System
OSS Open Source Software
QoS Quality of Service
PI Provider Independent
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
PIM-SM Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode
PKIX Public-Key Infrastructure
POP Point of Presence
P2P Peer-to-Peer
RFC Request For Comments
RFID Radio-Frequency Identification
RFP Request For Proposals
RG Research Group
RIPE NCC Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre
RIR Regional Internet Registry
SDO Standards Development Organization
SDP Session Description Protocol
SHA-1 Secure Hash Algorithm
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SSH Secure Shell (protocol)
STUN Simple Traversal of User Datagram Protocol [UDP] Through Network Address Translators [NATs]
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TLD Top-Level Domain
TLS Transport Layer Security
T-MPLS Transport-Multiprotocol Label Switching
TTL Time To Live
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UPnP Universal Plug and Play
URI Uniform Resource Identifier
URL Uniform Resource Locator
VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol
VPN Virtual Private Network
VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal
W3C World Wide Web Consortium
WG Working Group
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
WPAN Wireless Personal Area Network
XML Extensible Markup Language
XML-RPC Extensible Markup Language – Remote Procedure Call