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Securing BGP

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) helps stitch together the thousands of networks that collectively deliver what we think of as the Internet. Networks use BGP to exchange “reachability information” – networks they know how to get to. Any network that is connected to the Internet eventually relies on BGP to reach other networks.

BGP has worked extremely well and continues to the be a key protocol that makes the Internet work. The problem is, BGP was created long before security was a major concern. BGP assumes that all networks are trustworthy. Technically, there are no built-in security mechanisms to validate that routes are legitimate. In addition, networks are scattered across the globe making the chain of trust difficult to trace, and even if you’re trying to validate information, there’s a lack of reliable resource data.

Every network should help secure the global routing system as a whole. The Internet Society supports Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security (MANRS). MANRS is a community initiative of network operators and Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) that creates a baseline of security expectations for routing security. MANRS calls for simple, but concrete actions that will reduce the most common routing threats, including BGP hijacking.

Much of our work is outlined in the Deploy360 Securing BGP Section. A few key resources to get you started:

Securing BGP News

Internet Resilience Discussions at IETF 104
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Securing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 22 March 2019

Internet Resilience Discussions at IETF 104

Let’s look at what’s happening in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the upcoming IETF 104 meeting in...

RIRs Enhance Support for Routing Security
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Securing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 25 February 2019

RIRs Enhance Support for Routing Security

BGP hijacking and route leaks represent significant problems in the global Internet routing systems, along with source address spoofing....

Developing Good BGP Neighbour Relationships @ APRICOT 2019
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Securing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 22 February 2019

Developing Good BGP Neighbour Relationships @ APRICOT 2019

Routing Security is featuring heavily on the APRICOT 2019 programme, which is being held on 23-28 February 2019 in...

Route Leak Causes Major Google Outage
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Securing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 15 November 2018

Route Leak Causes Major Google Outage

Google recently faced a major outage in many parts of the world thanks to a BGP leak. This incident...

U.S. R&E Community Embraces Routing Security
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Securing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 14 November 2018

U.S. R&E Community Embraces Routing Security

The Internet Society participated in a Routing Security Workshop that was held during the Internet2 Technology Exchange 2018 on...

‘Action needed’ on global data routing system to disrupt internet hijackers’
SC-Magazine
In the News 7 November 2018

‘Action needed’ on global data routing system to disrupt internet hijackers’

SC Magazine
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