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Resolutions in 1994

Resolution 1994-1: Financial Statements for ISOC Board of Trustees Meetings

RESOLVED, that the Board directs the ISOC Secretariat to formulate a cash budget and an accrual budget at all such times as when the ISOC budget is to be considered by the ISOC Board of Trustees.

Resolution 1994-2: Reserves for 1994 ISOC Budget

RESOLVED, that until further direction of the Board of Trustees, the financial reserves of the Society, estimated at USD 312,793 at December 31, 1993, are to be used to provide working capital for the operations of the Society, and shall not be encumbered for any other purpose.

Resolution 1994-3: Borrowing by ISOC

RESOLVED, that until further direction of the Board of Trustees, the President and the Executive Director are instructed to conduct the financial affairs of the Society such that debt beyond normal trade payments in not incurred.

Resolution 1994-4: 1994 ISOC Budget

RESOLVED, that subject to further review at the next regularly scheduled meeting of the Board of Trustees, the President is authorised to carry out the budget for calendar year 1994, which calls for total revenue of USD 967,500, total expenses of USD 965,456, and a budgeted surplus of USD 2,044. In the event of an actual or projected shortfall in revenue appropriate actions will be taken to reduce expenses such that a deficit is not incurred.

Resolution 1994-5: Audit Committee

RESOLVED, that the Board is to establish an Audit Committee, chartered to review ISOC financial procedures and report to the Board of Trustees on a continuing basis.

Resolution 1994-6: Executive Director Appointment

RESOLVED, that the Board confirms the appointment of Anthony Rutkowski as Executive Director of ISOC, to be appointed within terms consistent to that specified in the draft service agreement.

Resolution 1994-7: 1995 ISOC Elections

RESOLVED, that the Board form a committee to report to the Trustees on the proposed schedule for the 1995 Trustee elections, and propose any appropriate changes to the existing elections procedure.

Resolution 1994-8: ISOC Internal Procedures

RESOLVED, that the Board adopts the documented ISOC Internal Procedures, as amended.

Resolution 1994-9: Individual Membership Fees

RESOLVED, that the Board immediately set individual annual membership fees to USD 35, and record all renewed memberships which occurred on or after 1 January 1994 as a two year membership.

Resolution 1994-10: Non Voting Individual Membership

RESOLVED, that the Board establish a committee to investigate a proposal for the establishment of a new non voting class of individual membership of ISOC, and the committee is tasked to report on this matter at the next meeting of the Board.

Resolution 1994-11: Associate Organisational Members of ISOC

RESOLVED, that the Board Establish a new class of organisational membership of ISOC, Associate Organisational Member.

Resolution 1994-12: Friends of ISOC

RESOLVED, that the Board establish a new category of listed membership of ISOC, Friends of ISOC, with a minimum contribution to be determined by the President of ISOC at a level not less than double individual membership fees, for a listing period of 1 calendar year.

Resolution 1994-13: ISOC Chapters

RESOLVED, that the Board empowers the ISOC President to establish ISOC Chapter charter procedures in accordance with these principles, and to implement them:

  • ISOC will approve the formation of regional chapters for the purpose of promoting local activity consistent with ISOC goals and charter.
  • ISOC Regional Chapters will be designated by ISOC after approval by the President of a satisfactory application to ISOC.
  • ISOC Regional Chapters shall consist of local groups of ISOC members.

Resolution 1994-14: Internet Standards Process

RESOLVED, that the Board establish a committee to finalise the document RFC1310bis with particular reference to legal and insurance implications and formulate a strategy by which this arrangement can be effected with the IAB, IESG and IAB. This committee is tasked with presenting the Board a codification of these practices, and should invite legal review by the appropriate US and European entities.

Resolution 1994-15: Financial Procedures

RESOLVED, that ISOC adopt the financial procedures as recommended by the Audit Committee, as an interim measure until such time as a manual describing the internal controls and accounting procedures to be used by ISOC for managing its finances has been adopted:

  1. In the absence of a full-time business office manager, the ISOC accountant shall hold all ISOC checks and be personally involved in all transactions that involve the expenditure of funds from the ISOC bank accounts.
  2. At least two parties shall be involved in all transactions that involve the expenditure of funds from the bank accounts. In particular, and to the extent possible, the requestor of a disbursementshould not be the one to sign the check.
  3. All revenue and expenditures of ISOC shall be properly vouchered.
  4. Provide quarterly financial updates to the Board of Trustees including at a minimum:
    1. the then current income statement and balance sheet and
    2. fiscal year projections in both cash and accrual form.

The projections shall be actual to date and estimates to the end of the year.

  • Provide a plan to the Audit Committee by April 30, 1994 for management of cash, limiting bank exposure (ie. staying within FDIC insurance limits, and investment of current assets)
  • If other than IRS guidelines are to be used for depreciation, please let the audit committee know as soon as possible. Else, we will assume the IRS guidelines will be used.
  • Expense all items under $1000 and capitalize all long term assets of $1000 or more.
  • Operate as near as possible to cash so as to avoid long-term ISOC obligations whenever possible.
  • Develop and document reasonable travel policies for all ISOC travel (including employees, officers, trustees, contractors, consultants, etc) and provide to the Audit Committee before the next ISOC Board meeting.
  • Develop compensation and fringe benefit guidelines for timely approval by the Board. The guidelines should require that employees be paid at prevailing wages for the job, area and level of experience.
  • Obtain Board of Trustees approval for any additional benefits including especially non-cash benefits, if any.

Resolution 1994-16: 1994 IAB Nominations

RESOLVED, that the Board confirm the nominations of the IETF Nominations Committee for the following individuals to be members of the Internet Architecture Board:

  • Christian Huitema (INRIA)
  • Phill Gross (MCI)
  • Robert Elz (University of Melbourne)
  • Brian Carpenter (CERN)
  • Lixia Zhang (Xerox PARC)
  • Steve Crocker (Trusted Info Systems)

Resolution 1994-17: Amendment of the By-Laws

RESOLVED, with a vote of 15 in favour, 0 opposed and 0 Abstentions, that Article VII, Section 3 of the Internet Society By-Laws shall be amended by inserting the following provision at the end of such Section:

  • However, if the named recipient is not then in existence or is no longer a qualified distributee, or is unwilling or unable to accept the distribution, then the assets of the Society shall be distributed to a fund, foundation or corporation organized and operated exclusively for the purposes specified in Section 501(c)(3) of the United States Internal Revenue Code (or corresponding section of any future United States Federal tax code).

Resolution 1994-18: Employee Benefits

RESOLVED, that the Board approves the provision of non-cash benefits to ISOC employees within the general guidelines of the draft Employee Benefits document provided to Trustees (dated 14 June 1994).

Resolution 1994-19: Procedures for Nomination and Election of Trustees (Supersedes Resolution

RESOLVED, that the Board adopts the following process for the nomination and election of ISOC Trustees.

Procedures for Nomination and Election of Trustees

1. Trustee Positions to be Filled

The Board of Trustees will advise the Nominating Committee of the number of Trustee positions to be filled by vote of the individual members at each annual election. The Board may also advise the Nominating Committee of its desires with respect to the backgrounds of individuals to be nominated in order to achieve the balance of experience and qualifications required by the provisions of By-Law Article III, Section 2, which provides that "the Board shall seek to have among the Trustees representative individuals from industry, from educational and nonprofit organizations and from government."

1.1 Date of Election

The Board of Trustees will annually adopt a timetable for Trustee elections. The election date shall be not less than 40 days prior to the next Annual Meeting of the Society.

1.2 Use of Electronic Mail

All communications concerning the nomination and election of Trustees shall be in the form of electronic mail except the ballot, which shall be in the form of first class postal mail. Members of the Society who are not reachable by electronic mail may participate in the nomination process by postal mail.

2. Nominating Committee

The Board of Trustees will annually appoint a Trustee Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee will consist of 5 individual members of the Society. The Chair of the Nominating Committee shall be a member of the Board of Trustees. At least 2 members of the Nominating Committee shall be individual members of the Society not currently serving in any elected or appointed capacity in the Society.

2.1 Nominations by Committee

The Nominating Committee will notify the members of the Society of the procedures for nominating individuals for election to the Board of Trustees, and will provide a minimum period for receiving nominations of 30 days. The number of individuals nominated shall exceed the number of Trustees to be elected.

2.2 Nominations by Petition

The Nominating Committee will notify the voting members of the Society of the names of individuals nominated by the committee for election to the Board of Trustees not less than 105 days prior to the date established for Trustee elections. Additional nominations for election to the Board of Trustees may be made by petition filed with the Chair of the Nominating Committee not less than 75 days prior to the election. Petitions may be filed electronically. The Nominating Committee shall specify the number of signatures of voting members required for petitions, which shall be at least fifty voting members of the Society, or 1% of the total number of voting members of the Society, whichever is greater.

2.3 Candidates for Election

The Nominating Committee will provide the names of a completed slate of candidates for election to the Elections Committee not less than 74 days prior to the election date.

3. Elections Committee

The Board of Trustees will annually appoint an Elections Committee composed of three voting members of the Society which will be responsible for establishing and supervising elections. The Chair of the committee shall be a Trustee whose term of office does not expire during the year of the election.

3.1 Eligibility to Vote

All individual members of the Society in good standing are eligible to vote. An individual member is in good standing if his or her annual dues are not more than 60 days past due on the date of mailing of the ballot.

3.2 Ballot

The Trustee election shall be conducted by written ballot of the individual members, which shall be mailed to each member of the Society in good standing not less than 60 days prior to the date of the election.

3.3 Voting

Each voting member will be entitled to as many votes as there are Trustee positions to be filled by vote of the members. Votes may be cumulated on behalf of one or more candidates for election. A member may use fewer than the total number of votes available if he or she so chooses.

3.4 Receipt of Ballots

All ballots for Trustee elections shall be received by the Chair of the Elections Committee by 5 pm local time on the day prior to the date of the election, at the place established by the Elections Committee for delivery of the ballots.

3.5 Counting of Ballots

The counting of ballots will take place on the election date, at a time and place established by the Elections Committee. At least two members of the Elections Committee shall be present at the counting of the ballots. The committee will establish procedures to ensure the privacy, validity and accuracy of all ballots.

3.6 Certification of Vote

The Elections Committee shall certify the results of the annual Trustee election to the Board of Trustees within 10 days following the election, forwarding a list of the candidates and the number of votes each candidate has received.

3.7 Challenges

No challenge to any Trustee nomination or election procedure or result may be brought except by an individual member in good standing. Any challenge must be addressed to the President of the Society with a recital of the reasons for the challenge, and must be received within 20 days of the election date. The President, after consultation with the Chairs of the Nominating and Elections Committees and the members of the Board of Trustees, shall advise the author of the challenge of the Board's decision, which shall be final, within 40 days of the election date.

Resolution 1994-20: 1995 ISOC Nomination and Trustee Election Timetable

RESOLVED, that the Board adopts a Timetable for the 1995 Trustee nomination and election process in accordance with the procedures of Resolution 92-19, commencing with the opening of the Nominations period on December 1 1994. The Timetable to be adopted is as follows:

  • December 1 1994 Nominations Period Opens
  • December 31 1994 Nominations Period Closes
  • January 15 1995 Nominations Committee Announcement
  • February 14 1995 Petition Period Closes
  • February 15 1995 Candidate Announcement
  • March 1 1995 Election Period Opens - Ballots posted
  • April 30 1995 Election date
  • May 1 1995 Challenge Period Opens
  • May 10 1995 Elections Committee Certifies Result
  • May 20 1995 Challenge Period closes
  • June 9 1995 ISOC Response to Challenge Period Closes
  • June 13 1995 1995 Annual General Meeting

Resolution 1994-21: ISOC Mission Statement

RESOLVED, that the Board accept the following as a mission statement for ISOC:

General Character of the Organization

The Internet Society is the international organisation for global cooperation and coordination for the Internet and its internetworking technologies and applications.

Purposes and Goals of the Organization

Its principal purpose is to maintain and extend the development and availability of the Internet and its associated technologies and applications - both as an end in itself, and as a means of enabling organizations, professions, and individuals worldwide to more effectively collaborate, cooperate, and innovate in their respective fields and interests.

Its specific goals and purposes include:

  • development, maintenance, evolution, and dissemination of standards for the Internet and its internetworking technologies and applications;
  • growth and evolution of the Internet architecture;
  • maintenance and evolution of effective administrative processes necessary for operation of the glob al Internet and internets;
  • education and research related to the Internet and internetworking;
  • harmonization of actions and activities at international levels to facilitate the development and availability of the Internet;
  • collection and dissemination of information related to the Internet and internetworking, including histories and archives;
  • assisting technologically developing countries, areas, and peoples in implementing and evolving their Internet infrastructure and use;
  • liaison with other organisations, governments and the general public for coordination, collaboration, and education in effecting the above purposes.

Operation of the Organization

The Internet Society operates through its international Board of Trustees, its International Networking Conferences and developing country workshops, its regional and local chapters, its various standards and administrative bodies, its committees and its secretariat. The Board of Trustees is headed by a President with the assistance of several officers.

Resolution 1994-22: ISOC Role relating to the Internet Standards Process

RESOLVED, that, on the matter of Internet Standards, the Board of Trustees intends to pursue the following course of action:

  • to organise and manage an efficient and technically competent process for developing, adopting and maintaining Internet standards.
  • to accept responsibility for identifying and securing appropriate levels of funding for standards related activities
  • to endeavour to secure the broadest possible international acceptance of, and support for, Internet standards.
  • to take all necessary steps to protect and indemnify those individuals participating in the standards process when acting in an official capacity within the processes and procedures adopted by the Board of Trustees.

Resolution 1994-23: ISOC Awards Committee

RESOLVED, that the Board establish an ISOC Awards Committee and initially task this Committee to prepare a description of an ISOC Awards program and associated funding implications.

Resolution 1994-24: Code of Ethics Statement

RESOLVED, that, on the basis that the Internet will only function effectively within a spirit of cooperation, the Board:

  • Recognises the need for an Internet Code of Ethics and the importance of educating the community on this matter, and
  • Recommends that the Internet Architecture Board and the ISOC Advisory Council be asked to draft an appropriate code of ethics for consideration by the ISOC Board of Trustees at their next meeting.

Resolution 1994-25: INET'94 Conference

RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society commends the Conference Committee of the 1994 INET/JENC Conference on a highly successful event. Under the leadership of General Chairman Geoff Manning, Program Chair Bernard Plattner, and the Local Arrangements Chair Jan Guntorad, a dedicated group of volunteers has given generously of their time and efforts in organising the premier international networking meeting of 1994.

The Board also wishes to recognise the special efforts of RARE staff members Marieke Dekker, Judith Kiers and John Martin, and Liz Barnhart of EDUCOM, whose work contributed significantly to the high quality of the conference.

Resolution 1994-26: INET'94 Internet Workshop for Developing Countries

RESOLVED, that the Board of trustees of the Internet Society commends the Organisers and Instructors of the 1994 Workshop for Developing Countries, held in conjunction with the INET'94 Conference in Prague, Czech Republic. Under the energetic leadership of Chairman George Sadowsky, the volunteer instructors and the dedicated workshop participants worked together to produce an extraordinary learning experience which will contribute measurably to the growth of the worldwide Internet.

The Board also wishes to recognise the special efforts of the Workshop staff member Joanne Scott, whose exceptional efforts contributed significantly to the success of the workshop. The Board would also like to note with appreciation the efforts of the Track Leaders and the Instructors.

Resolution 1994-27: Commendation to Steve Wolff

RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society extends its thanks and sincerest appreciation to Steven Wolff for his many contributions to the Internet community while serving as Director of the Networking Division of the national Science Foundation from 1987 to 1994.

Realization of the program goals of the NSFNET during this period has transformed the Internet from an activity serving the particular goals of the research community to a worldwide enterprise which has energised scholarship and commerce in dozens of nations. The personal leadership of Dr Wolff, often under conditions of public controversy, has been an indispensable ingredient in surmounting a daunting array of technical, operational and economic challenges.

His extraordinary commitment to the growth and success of the Internet reflect the highest standard of service tot he networking community and command our respect and admiration.

Resolution 1994-28: Commendation to Jon Postel

RESOLVED, that, on the occasion of his leaving the Internet Architecture Board after serving from 1983 until 1994, the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society wish to express to Jon Postel its deepest appreciation for his many contributions to the technical maintenance of the Internet.

His depth of experience, his steady hand during periods of rapid change and strass, and his unvarying strength of his personal commitment to the work of the IAB have benefited all the members of the Internet community.

Resolution 1994-29: Commendation to Robert Braden

RESOLVED, that, on the occasion of his leaving the Internet Architecture Board after serving from 1983 until 1994, the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society wish to express to Robert Braden its great appreciation for his many contributions to the technical architecture of the Internet.

His special experience in end to end protocol development and his personal commitment to the work of the IAB have benefited all the members of the Internet community.

Resolution 1994-30: Commendation to Barry Leiner

RESOLVED, that, on the occasion of his leaving the Internet Architecture Board after serving from 1983 until 1994, the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society wish to express to Barry Leiner its deepest appreciation for his many contributions to the technical architecture of the Internet.

His depth of experience and strong personal commitment to the work of the IAB over more than a decade ofservice have benefited all the members of the Internet community.

Resolution 1994-31: Commendation to Stephen Kent

RESOLVED, that, on the occasion of his leaving the Internet Architecture Board after serving from 1983 until 1994, the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society wish to express to Stephen Kent its deepest appreciation for his many contributions to the technical architecture of the Internet.

His special knowledge of security measures and his strong personal commitment to the work of the IAB over more than a decade of service have benefitted all the members of the Internet community.

Resolution 1994-32: Commendation to Anthony Lauck

  • RESOLVED, that, on the occasion of his leaving the Internet Architecture Board after serving from 1989 until 1994, the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society wish to express to Anthony Lauck its appreciation for his many contributions to the technical architecture of the Internet

    His depth of experience and strong personal commitment to the work of the IAB over more than a decade of service have benefited all the members of the Internet community.

Resolution 1994-33: Commendation to Robert E. Kahn

RESOLVED, that, on the occasion of his selection as recipient of the Marconi prize of the Marconi International Fellowship, the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society wishes to convey to Dr Robert E. Kahn its profoundest appreciation for his many contributions to the Internet.

Commencing with his far sighted recognition of the revolutionary potential of packet networks more than two decades ago, he has continued to exert extraordinary leadership in the networking community. His founding role in the Internet Society, including generous support of the needs of the society during its startup period is especially valued by his fellow Trustees. The Board looks forward to overcoming many future Internet challenges in company with our honoured colleague Robert Kahn.

Resolution 1994-34: ISOC Individual Membership

RESOLVED, that the Board will work aggressively to increase ISOC Individual Membership and Organisational Membership.

Resolution 1994-35: Vice President for Education

RESOLVED, that the Board replace the office of Vice-President for Conferences with the office of Vice-President for Education.

Resolution 1994-36: Election of Office Holders for 1995

RESOLVED, that the following officers of the Board are elected for 1995:

  • Vice-President for Standards: Scott Bradner
  • Vice-President for Chapters and Individual membership: Haruhisa Ishida
  • Vice-President for Education: Lawrence Landweber

Resolution 1994-37: 1993 ISOC Financial Statements

RESOLVED, that the Board accepts the audited December 31 1993 Balance Sheet, the audited Statement of Revenue, Expenses and Change in Fund Balance for the Year Ended December 31 1993, and the audited Statement of Cash Flows Balance for the Year Ended December 31 1993 as an accurate record of ISOC financial activity for 1993.

Resolution 1994-38: 1995 ISOC Budget

RESOLVED, that the President is authorised to carry out the budget for calendar year 1995, which calls for a revenue of USD 1,200,000, total expenses of USD 1,182,500, and a budgeted surplus of USD 7,500.

Resolution 1994-39: 1995 Executive Committee

RESOLVED, that the Board form an Executive Committee for 1995, with the membership of Trustees Cerf, Greisen, Huston Landweber and Lynch.

Resolution 1994-40: ISOC Advisory Council

RESOLVED, that the Board invite the Advisory Council to seat four Council elected voting members on the Board of Trustees.

Resolution 1994-41: INET'94 Vote of Appreciation

RESOLVED, that the Board express their sincere appreciation to the INET'94 Conference Chair, Geoff Manning, the INET'94 Program Chair, Bernhard Plattner, the INET'94 Program Chair Deputy, Hannes P. Lubich, the INET'94 Local Organization Chair, Jan Gruntorad and the staff of TERENA for their contributions in making INET'94 such a success.