The Internet has become an essential tool for communication, commerce, and development in an increasingly globalized world. Governments around the world have given high priority to the development of their national Internet infrastructure and to achieving higher levels of Internet penetration among their populations. These activities have been supported and catalyzed by national and international stakeholders, including local Internet service providers and other IT businesses and non-profit organizations like the Internet Society that believe that the Internet can contribute substantially to the socio-economic development of people around the world.
An Internet Exchange Point (IXP) is a component of Internet infrastructure that can increase the affordability and quality of the Internet for local communities. IXPs enable local networks to efficiently exchange information at a common point within a country rather than needing to exchange local Internet traffic overseas. In many developing countries, for example, Internet messages need to be exchanged beyond their borders, adding significant costs, because of a lack of connectivity between domestic networks.