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Did you know the first computer program was developed by a woman? Or that a woman coined the term debugging?

Women have been creating amazing things in the world of computer science throughout history, but often their contributions have gone unnoticed. In light of this, were celebrating the amazing achievements of a few of them today.

Who do you admire? Add them in the comments!

ps: this list is in no particular order.

1 Women of ENIAC

In 1946 six brilliant young women programmed the first all-electronic, programmable computer, the ENIAC, a project run by the U.S. Army in Philadelphia as part of a secret World War II project. They learned to program without programming languages or tools (because there werent any so, you know, totally easy).  When they were done, ENIAC ran a ballistics trajectorya differential calculus equationin seconds!

2 Grace Murray Hopper

US born Grace Hopper and Howard Aiken designed Harvards Mark I computer, a five-tonne, room-sized machine in 1944. Hopper invented the compiler that translated written language into computer code and coined the terms bugand debuggingwhen she had to remove moths from the device (for real!)

3 Ada Lovelace

The daughter of famed poet Lord Byron, Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelacebetter known as "Ada Lovelace"was born in London on December 10, 1815. Ada showed her gift for mathematics at an early age. She translated an article on an invention by Charles Babbage, and added her own comments. In between 1842 and 1843 she left an elaborate set of notes on a document she was translating.  While they were simply called Noteswhat was in them as an algorithm designed to be carried out by a machine - or the first computer programme.

4 Dorcas Muthoni

Dorcas Muthoni is founder and Chief Executive Officer of Openworld Ltd, a specialist computer software company she established in Kenya when she was just 24 years old (!!). Today, Openworld is a leading e-Government and business software service and helps deliver of some of the most widely used Web and Cloud applications in Africa.  

5 Annie Easley 

Easleys career at NASA spanned 34 years, where she developed computer programs related to alternative energy solutions, including wind and solar power, energy conversion, and vehicular batteries.  

6 Kanchana Kanchanasut

Kanchana Kanchanasut is a professor of Computer Science at its School of Engineering and Technology. She set up the first experimental domestic research and education network in her nation in 1988, connecting five universities in Thailand with dial-up connections. She ’s also the one behind registering the .TH domain name and has been its admin since 1988. Pretty awesome huh?

7 Qiheng Hu

Madam Hu led the National Computing and Networking Facility of China (NCFC) project team that brought the Internet to mainland China. In 1994, as Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, she visited the National Science Foundation for talks that led to a consensus to set up the first direct TCP/IP connection in China. In 1997, she founded the China Internet Network Information Center and has chaired its Steering Committee for over 10 years. Wow!  

8 Sister Mary Kenneth Keller

Sister Mary Kenneth Keller was an absolute boss and visionary: she was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D in computer science and assisted with the development of BASIC computer language at Dartmouth. Before Sister Mary, Dartmouth was considered a man onlyplace of study and work.

9 Radia Perlman

Radia Perlman has often been called the ‘mother of the internet’ because of her contribution to the spanning-tree protocol (STP). STP allows two networks to join together and act as one, and it was a fundamental step along the way from single, disconnected computers to the globally-interconnected system we know today.  

10 Anriette Esterhuysen

Anriette Esterhuysen is is the executive director of the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) and works with ICTs to fight injustice and bring positive change in society. She started her career as a librarian, e-mail and the Internet in the early days inspired her future work. Her work is focused on promoting affordable Internet access through advocating for dynamic approaches to frequency regulation and protecting the free flow of information. 

 

 

* pictures courtosey of the Internet Hall of Fame or Wikipedia Public Domain files 

Disclaimer: Viewpoints expressed in this post are those of the author and may or may not reflect official Internet Society positions.

Comments

Sally Floyd Widely recognised as one of the leading researchers in the space of network congestion, her "Random Early Drop" technique is now in almost every router in existence. Also proved you can't simulate the Internet. Barbara Liskov Listing everything Liskov has done is a challenge, but Liskov Substitution (with Jeanette Wing), and a practical Byzantine Fault Tolerant NFS system are two astounding achievements. Jeanette Wing As well as having worked with Liskov, she's currently Corporate VP of Microsoft Research. Of course, these are only the elite. Our problem, as a profession, is that the proportion of women is much lower further down the skill level - this suggests to me that women are discouraged, actively or passively, unless their skill levels are much higher than average.
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